Lighting design: 60 tips, lighting types, and designs

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Know the main types of lighting and tips to make an ideal lighting project

The lighting design is the study of artificial lighting in order to reconcile the function of each environment. Whether internal or external, providing functionality, beauty, and saving of electrical energy for construction. This last characteristic is the most relevant, after all, the excessive use of lamps means extra expenses and a waste of energy.

It is very important to hire a professional of the area to assist in the task of choosing the luminaires and calculate exactly the amount of light needed for each environment, ensuring the necessary comfort. This responsible takes into consideration the tastes of the residents, always showing the proposals of the lighting project so that the lighting can better enjoy the place without losing its identity.

An important tip is to start the project at the time of construction, because this way there is greater flexibility for changes, besides being able to work together with the natural light of the surroundings. So when it is to carry out the project, it should contain the site plan and specifications of lamps, luminaires and electrical points.

Efficient lighting is one that also works in favor of the decoration proposal: it can be used to create scenarios, highlight some element, sectorize environments, define circulation areas, add value to some detail, such as a coating or a frame on the wall.

Because it is a versatile design, its use will depend on the tasks developed in the environment, its area, the layout of the furniture and the colors used to provide different sensations such as warmth, balance and even well-being through chromotherapy.

Today, LED bulbs are the best alternatives in terms of economy, durability, and quality. Despite the high investment, these are the models with the best cost x benefit. If you opt for LED lamps, look for yellows up to 3000k for rooms, bedrooms and dining rooms. Use the 4000k white for kitchens and bathrooms.

Know the main types of lighting

Before knowing the types of lighting, the ideal is to understand what the main purpose of the environment. There are places where the amount of lighting calls for more care, for example, a doctor’s office. Already a place with informal use, such as a warehouse, the function is to achieve an illumination without worrying about its appearance. For a hotel, aesthetics are essential: lights should draw attention to customers interested in that place. So it is very important to know what kind of lighting will be used to start a good lighting project.

Although the traditional thing is to install the lamp in the center of the ceiling of a room, there are other ways of positioning them. Each proposal and environment calls for a specific type of lighting, which can be diffuse, direct or indirect. Following are the three main types of lighting for lighting projects.

Direct

The direct model, as the name itself already says, is where light strikes directly on some specific point. For example, a lamp or table lamp illuminating a worktable or a bedside table.

Indirect

Very common in plaster linings, the light reflects on the white surface and is distributed through the environment, allowing to create more intimate environments.

Diffuse

This kind of lighting is one that evenly distributes light into the environment. So it is widely used in rooms, bedrooms, and bathrooms.

Inspirations for lighting projects

To better understand, see in practice how to incorporate this study into some lighting and architectural projects below:

The plaster linings are great for a good project of lighting technology.

The plaster linings are great for a good project of lighting technology

In the above design, we can observe the use of indirect lighting with the help of the liner. This is one of the most requested bits in the decoration since the light leaves these tears in the sealed plaster. The spots also complement the lighting with a uniform distribution throughout the environment.

Design lighting for the home office the tubular luminaire is a great bet

Design lighting for the home office the tubular luminaire is a great bet.

Because it is longer, it can travel light across the entire length of the workbench.

 

Invest in a highlight lighting for the facade

Invest in a highlight lighting for the facadeBesides the composition of the materials, valuing the facade at night is very important. One option is to bet on floor beacons to highlight circulation with 3000k LED bulbs that have low power consumption and last longer.

Great option for bedroom lighting

Great option for bedroom lightingThe LED tapes behind the headboard are charming, as well as being ideal for those who do not want to light the lining at night.

Lighting for bathroom

Lighting for bathroomLook for a more uniform and intense illumination. Install the main luminaire that distributes light throughout the space and places decorative lighting next to the counter in front of the mirror. In this case, avoid bulbs that create shadows because they disturb the view.

The lighting of dressing room is ideal to compose the scene of makeup, besides having a decorative function in the environment

The lighting of dressing room is ideal to compose the scene of makeup, besides having a decorative function in the environmentLighting design: LED strips behind the mirror

Lighting design LED strips behind the mirrorThis technique is very common to decorate bathrooms, as they give the impression that the mirror floats on the wall. The look is lighter and leaves the room with adequate lighting.

Design lighting: indirect light for office

Design lighting indirect light for officeThis type of wall-mounted lighting is perfect for this type of location since the incidence does not occur directly on the computer screen, which can cause some discomfort and leave the environment more tiring.

Design lighting: the traces in the plaster allow a design in the lining and bring beauty to the environment.

Design lighting the traces in the plaster allow a design in the lining and bring beauty to the environment.Lighting for home theater or movie theater.

Lighting for home theater or movie theaterFor the lighting design of these rooms, you need to consider the location of the television and prevent the lights from reflecting on the screen, which can disrupt the time of watching the TV or a movie. In this environment, prefer indirect lighting, which makes the environment more comfortable visually.

The wood lining is another option to work on a lighting project.

The wood lining is another option to work on a lighting project.This type of lining is elegant and leaves the environment more welcoming due to its material. In this project, the liner can delimit the environments, without forming a single large room. The various lighting points vary from the rails to the open light wood molding, which further enhances the composition of the materials in the ceiling.

Design lighting: white light for the bathroom.

Design lighting white light for the bathroom.The area of the mirror should have good lighting, preferably with white light, leaving the space better illuminated and closer to reality, making the area ideal for makeup.

The profile of the inhabitant is very important in the choice of luminaires.

The profile of the inhabitant is very important in the choice of luminaries.

In a living room with coffee tables or corner tables, the lighting points can be focused on these objects. In addition to forming a beautiful composition, they help in lighting the environment.

Light embedded in the joinery.

Light embedded in the joinery.An important point of the lighting project is the lights installed in the wardrobe, which helps when choosing the piece. On the shelves, the lighting can highlight decorative objects such as books, vases, and pictures.

Lighting design: lighting for a baby room.

Lighting design: lighting for a baby room

LED spots are a great choice for a baby’s room, as they take all the playful air the environment needs. In addition, the washers play a great role in facilitating the activities of changing clothes, diapers, and other things.

Design lighting: the light traces in the wood lining value the decoration of the room.

Design lighting: the light traces in the wood lining value the decoration of the room
The environment still counts on yellow lamps, which bring more charm to the decorative proposal and the feeling of coziness due to the color temperature of the lamps.

The lighting can still highlight the wall cladding.

The lighting can still highlight the wall cladding

Lighting design electrified rails are a great option for rental houses.

Lighting design electrified rails are a great option for rental houses
This way there is no need to break any building structure, the result is a house with a lighting project thought out to your needs.

Lighting design: the lights installed under the steps make the look lighter and more elegant.

Lighting design: the lights installed under the steps make the look lighter and more elegant

The tear in the lining allows the incidence of an indirect lighting in the area of the bathroom countertop.

The tear in the lining allows the incidence of an indirect lighting in the area of the bathroom counter top

Decorative lighting for the kitchen.

Decorative lighting for the kitchen
The lighting in this project values all the details of the environment, such as colors, furniture, and materials. The softer lighting is due to the rails of spots directed to the cooking area, the joinery and the appliances.

Lighting design: lighting for a baby room.

Lighting design: lighting for a baby room
LED spots are a great choice for a baby’s room, as they take all the playful air the environment needs. In addition, the washers play a great role in facilitating the activities of changing clothes, diapers, and other things.

Lighting design neon lights are the latest trend in decoration.

Lighting design neon lights are the latest trend in decoration

For the rooms, bet on the dimmers.

For the rooms, bet on the dimmers

This environment demands comfort and coziness, so using a light intensity meter is interesting depending on your activity. After all, the room is a place of relaxation, but it can also be a place of work. For general lighting and lighting design, it is recommended to use luminaires with incandescent lamps. Lamps and lamps with yellowish-colored lamps help to make the environment more intimate.

The lighting in yellow color was ideal for composing with the wooden panel.

The lighting in yellow color was ideal for composing with the wooden panel

Lighting design: two-way washers create a decorative effect on the wall.

Lighting design: two-way washers create a decorative effect on the wall

Light the carpentry niches with the LED spots.

Light the carpentry niches with the LED spots

Design lighting: getting around the furniture is an alternative to highlight them in the environment.

Design lighting: getting around the furniture is an alternative to highlight them in the environment

Lighting wires are ideal for a children’s room and create a very light illumination for the environment.

Lighting wires are ideal for a children's room and create a very light illumination for the environment

In the kitchen, look for diffused and uniform lighting.

In the kitchen, look for diffused and uniform lighting

See that in addition to the spots that illuminate the meal counter, the kitchen has a single point of light that seeks to illuminate the interior environment alike. The lamps indicated are white, since space needs intense and clear lighting. And since this project has an integrated dining room, the idea is to create a more social atmosphere with the use of pendants on the dining table, leaving the modern environment and ensuring that the entire table receives great lighting.

The LED filament lamp or retro LED refers to the idea of incandescent light bulbs but saving up to 10 times less energy consumed.

The LED filament lamp or retro LED refers to the idea of incandescent light bulbs but saving up to 10 times less energy consumed

This type of lamp is ideal to be used in cascade style, attached to a base forming pendant lamps. There is a very similar model that is the one of carbon filament, however, its consumption is much greater, which entails in more heat than luminosity. Consider its use in lighting design.

Light up the stairs.

Light up the stairs

For integrated environments, try to harmonize with the same visual lighting and color temperature when executing the lighting project.

For integrated environments, try to harmonize with the same visual lighting and color temperature when executing the lighting project

In this project above, we can observe the use of lighting rails that cover all integrated environments. The variation between white and yellow light is acceptable: in these cases, use luminaires of the same format.

Choose long and indirect lighting fixtures in the corridor.

Choose long and indirect lighting fixtures in the corridor

Lighting design: lighting for the work area.

Lighting design: lighting for the work area

The direction of the lights and the illuminance are of extreme importance to leave the environment more suitable for the development of the activity. In this proposal, white direct illumination was used in wall washers that are close to the workbench. To avoid mistakes in the design, take into account the positioning of the computer and the lamps so that the light does not reflect on the equipment screen.

In this lighting project, the purpose of the spots is to highlight the objects present on each shelf.

In this lighting project, the purpose of the spots is to highlight the objects present on each shelf

Decorative lighting for the hallway.

Decorative lighting for the hallway

In this proposal, the architectural composition and the lighting technician work together. The hallway with brick wall and lining help give a feeling of a longer environment, while the light that contours this surface highlights the circulation.

Lighting design: spots and LED wires to decorate this ladder.

 

Lighting design: the lighting allows highlighting, even more, the design of this lining.

Lighting design: the lighting allows highlighting, even more, the design of this lining

Living room with diffused lighting.

Living room with diffused lighting

This type of lighting is ideal for the room as the light spreads evenly throughout the room. In this proposal, diffuse and white lighting was installed in the plaster tears. Direct lighting relies on spots to illuminate the frame on the wall.

Lighting design: corridor with indirect light.

Lighting design: corridor with indirect light

Washers decorate yet another nursery.

Washers decorate yet another nursery

In addition to the spots, this room has a directional light, allowing the illumination of any corner of this environment.

In addition to the spots, this room has a directional light, allowing the illumination of any corner of this environment

Lighting design: the plaster ceiling can prioritize lighting for each type of activity.

Lighting design: the plaster ceiling can prioritize lighting for each type of activity

A children’s room should take into account all the activities that children take in this environment. In the above project, the spots work as the main illumination, while the secondary ones reinforce the other functions of children in this room, such as reading at the bedside and studying at the small table in the middle of the room.

Plaster slats function as a decorative item and as lighting lining.

Plaster slats function as a decorative item and as lighting lining

Industrial decoration goes beyond materials.

Industrial decoration goes beyond materials

Lighting for a clean room.

Lighting for a clean room

Living room with diffused and indirect lighting.

Living room with diffused and indirect lighting

The priority in this project is to highlight the lighting lining, leaving the lighting cleaner in the center of the room.

The spots must be positioned according to the layout of the environment.

The spots must be positioned according to the layout of the environment

Lighting design: corporate lighting.

Lighting design: corporate lighting

In addition to the traditional linings, the office should rely on luminaires primarily at workstations.

Design lighting: the contrast of black in the decoration with the yellow light leaves the environment modern and intimate.

Design lighting: the contrast of black in the decoration with the yellow light leaves the environment modern and intimate

Intimate lighting for the living room.

Intimate lighting for the living room

For this proposal, work with a specific lighting to further enhance the furniture and decoration that harmonizes with the coatings.

Because it is a room benefiting from natural light, the details of the lighting project are due to the shelf with LED strips that stand out in the environment.

Because it is a room benefiting from natural light, the details of the lighting project are due to the shelf with LED strips that stand out in the environment

Lighting for integrated living room and kitchen.

Lighting for integrated living room and kitchen

Plaster is the best way to integrate two or more environments since a single material can harmonize this connection. In the above design, in the recessed gypsum lining, yellow colored recessed lamps were installed that reflects light on the curtains and the ceiling.

Play with the height of linings and lamps.

Play with the height of linings and lamps

In lighting design, mix different types of rails in the same environment.

In lighting design, mix different types of rails in the same environment

This way it is possible to create a more daring decoration in the environment, leaving a little of the traditional and diversifying in the types of luminaires and types of finishes.

Apply decorative lighting in the room.

Apply decorative lighting in the room.

The lighting highlights the pictures on the wall and highlights the bluish tones of artwork. LED hoses installed in the joinery take more sophistication to the design of this living room.

In the dining area, a pendant illuminates and enhances the area when used by the residents.

In the dining area, a pendant illuminates and enhances the area when used by the residents.

Reconcile natural lighting in your lighting project.

Reconcile natural lighting in your lighting project

It would be impossible not to take advantage of natural light in this space since it has many windows in its extension. Even so, it is ideal to apply some light bulbs on the edges of the environment, making artificial lighting warm and more intimate. In addition, the spots on the floor further enhance the slatted wood panel and determine the area of circulation.

Lighting design: corridor with lighting rail.

Lighting design: corridor with lighting rail

Rails are also great items for runners because they are long and flexible, such as the size of that space. In this case, as the closet is integrated into the bedroom, the rail can direct the lamps according to your need, facilitating the change of clothes until the moment of the makeup.

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